The term “science” is derived from Latin, from scientia, ‘I know’, and dates back to the Middle Ages. The word was initially used to refer to all systems of recorded knowledge, encompassing philosophy and the arts. But the word’s modern use is limited to empirical study of phenomena, which employs the scientific method. Here are a few possible synonyms for science and technology.
The goal of science is to acquire knowledge through systematic study, while technology is the application of that knowledge. In simple terms, science is a systematic process of gaining knowledge about nature, the physical world, and natural phenomena. Technology is a set of techniques and systems for achieving specific goals, primarily through manufacturing. It is the result of scientific knowledge being applied to solve problems or improve human life. As such, science and technology are essentially complementary concepts.
The United States is a great contributor to scientific knowledge, but there are two main issues confronting China. The government plays a central role in science in China. In contrast to the United States, China has emerged as a major force in world science over the last three decades. In fact, until 1997, China had an insignificant role in western science, producing only 1% of top-cited publications. But economic changes in China have strengthened its role in the world’s scientific community.